Leaf Litter Rainbow Skink

Carlia longipes

When a skink drops its tail and the tail moves wildly about, it is not simply a distraction so the lizard can get away, it is an incredibly complex set of movements including acrobatic flips, jumps and lunges that has evolved so that the tail escapes as well. That way, the lizard will come back and eat its own tail (which stores a lot of fat) and regain the energy lost.